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May 2, 2024

ASF Unveils the Next Evolution of Big Data Processing With the Launch of Hive 4.0


The recently released Apache Hive 4.0 by Apache Software Foundation (ASF) marks a significant milestone in the progress of data lake and data warehouse technologies. 

In the world of big data processing tools, Apache Hive stands out as one of the leading data warehouse tools. It has the ability to query large data sets while offering outstanding flexibility through its SQL-like query language. 

Since its inception in 2010, Hive has empowered organizations around the world to perform analytics and scale their data processing capabilities. It has become a critical component in the architecture of modern data management systems. The data warehouse tool just got better with the release of Hive 4.0. 

The latest release features performance enhancements, bug fixes, and other upgrades. One of the major enhancements is the ability to integrate seamlessly with Hive Iceberg tables, boosting query performance, simplifying data integration, and improving scalability. The integration includes Branches and Tags support, Advanced Snapshot management, and Partition-level operations support.

Hive 4.0 also features compaction mechanisms to improve query performance and optimize storage for both Hive ACID and Iceberg tables. ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) is a set of properties that ensures the integrity and reliability of transactions in database systems.  With Hive 4.0, users get improved transaction and locking capabilities to enhance the software’s compliance with ACID properties. 

The Hive community has created Docker images tailored for Apache Hive. Now with the latest version of Hive, users get support for official Apache Hive Docker images for easier deployment and configuration. This will help users manage Hive instances using Docker containers. 

ASF has also introduced several compiler improvements, including HPL/SQL support, scheduled queries, anti-joint support, and column histogram stats. Users also get access to new and improved cost-based optimization (CBO) rules. The goal of the compiler improvements is to optimize resource utilization and improve the overall efficiency of the software. 

Some other notable improvements include materialized views for faster query processing, support for Apache Ozone, enhanced replication features for better data distribution and disaster recovery, and runtime optimizations in Apache Tez and Apache Hive LLAP for faster data processing. 

“Hive 4.0 is one of the most significant releases from the Hive community to date, unlocking unprecedented capabilities for data engineers, analysts, and architects who need to manage or analyze data at scale,” said Ayush Saxena, ASF Member and Hive contributor. 

(Andrey Suslov/Shutterstock)

Saxena credits the entire Hive community for the launch of the new release. The Apache Software Foundation works as a decentralized open-source community of developers, referred to as “committers”. 

ASF has more than 320 active projects with over 8,400 committers that contribute to its projects. Some of the top ASF projects include Apache Flink, Apache HTTP Server, Apache Kafka, Apache Superset, Apache Camel, and Apache Airflow. 

The launch of Hive 4.0 is set to redefine how organizations manage and analyze data at scale. It also reflects ASF’s ongoing commitment to improving data ecosystems and cultivating and advancing open-source projects.

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