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September 12, 2023

The Human Touch in LLMs and GenAI: Shaping the Future of AI Interaction

Rohan Agrawal


Today’s AI has evolved around the concept of recognition, which has undeniably been the linchpin of its progress. The ability of AI to decipher text, speech, images, and video, executing intricate functions based on the understanding of the content, has been a windfall not just for AI but for a myriad of industries.

Now in an era powered by generative AI (GenAI), fueled by large language models (LLMs), new possibilities have inspired users worldwide. In this novel landscape, AI models possess an unprecedented capacity to respond to queries and requests with an unmatched depth and comprehensiveness. GenAI can craft complete sentences and paragraphs with astonishing flair, and even delve into the realm of artistic expression, generating original artwork and imagery.

As we venture further into this uncharted frontier of AI, the anticipation builds, revealing the inescapable truth—the human touch stands as an indispensable force. Despite the remarkable capabilities of LLMs and GenAI like GPT-3, the human element holds its irreplaceable significance.

The unique blend of understanding, empathy, and emotional intelligence found only in humans becomes the lifeblood that empowers LLMs and GenAI to traverse the divide between cold automation and the warmth of personalized interactions.

Importance of Human Input in Enhancing LLM

As generative AI evolves, so does the need for human input.

We are in an era of rediscovery as well as a pendulum swing. The technology is fantastic but, as GenAI evolves, so does the need to merge AI with human intellect.  While these data models have made significant strides in generating high-quality content, human intervention can help to ensure effectiveness, accuracy, and ethical use. To unlock the full flexibility that an LLM has to offer, it needs to be expertly trained on sometimes hyper-specific datasets. This is accomplished by a technique called fine-tuning.


One way humans can enhance LLMs is through data curation and refinement. LLMs are trained on vast amounts of data, and experts are critical in their ability to edit and filter data to remove biases, inaccuracies, or inappropriate content. By carefully selecting and preparing training datasets, humans can help LLMs learn from diverse and representative sources, resulting in unbiased performance, and help ensure the AI model’s fresh content is accurately labeled. Humans can also provide expertise and domain knowledge, allowing the generated content to align with specific requirements or industry standards.

The work does not stop there, however. Human oversight is also required to continuously monitor, review and assess the generated content, providing feedback and corrections to refine the model’s performance. This iterative feedback loop between humans and LLMs helps identify and rectify errors, improving the model’s accuracy and reliability over time.

One of the most significant ways humans contribute is by ensuring the ethical use of LLMs. By establishing guidelines and ethical frameworks, humans can ensure that LLM-generated content adheres to societal norms, legal requirements, and responsible AI practices. They can define boundaries and constraints to prevent the generation of harmful or misleading information. Additionally, this is important for industries, such as finance or healthcare, which are bound by strict compliance standards.

From data collection and curation to preprocessing, labeling, training, evaluating, refining, and deploying fine-tuning, human oversight to ethical considerations, and research and development, humans can contribute to enhancing the performance, accuracy, and responsible use of LLMs.

RLHF Requires Supervised Fine-Tuning

Once an AI model is deployed and these huge data sets are being generated for labeling get larger, the issue becomes difficult to scale. On top of a fine-tuned model’s ability to continuously improve, the human layer maintains a steady beat of reinforcement to make the model smarter over time. This is where reinforcement learning from human feedback, or RLHF, comes in.


RLHF is a subfield of Reinforcement Learning (RL) that involves incorporating feedback from human evaluators and a reward system to improve the learning process. Through RLHF, companies can utilize human feedback for training their models to gain a better understanding of their users so that they can respond to their users’ needs resulting in higher customer satisfaction and engagement.

RLHF is provided in multiple ways, including through rankings, rating, and other methods, to ensure that the results of the LLM are optimizable in every applicable scenario. RLHF requires sustained human effort and skills and can be delivered by deploying several sources, including domain experts, end users, crowdsourcing platforms, or third-party training data vendors.

RLHF components include the following:

  • Agent and Environment – This introduces the basic components of the RLHF framework, which involves an “agent” (an AI model like GPT-3) interacting with an “environment” (the task or problem it’s trying to solve). This sets the foundation for understanding how the agent learns and improves through feedback.
  • Continuous Fine-Tuning with Rewards and Penalties – This highlights the iterative learning process in RLHF. The model is continuously fine-tuned based on the feedback it receives in the form of rewards for correct actions and penalties for incorrect ones. This reinforcement mechanism helps the AI model improve its performance over time.
  • Specialized Skill Sets with Outsourcing Companies – This emphasizes the importance of having specialized skills and expertise in generating accurate and unbiased outputs using RLHF.

It can be said in effect that machines know nothing without human input. When data models are first being developed, human involvement is required at every stage to make an AI system competent, reliable, unbiased, and impactful. For example, in healthcare, the use of such human experts as board-certified doctors and other knowledgeable clinicians, can ensure the output from the AI model is factually accurate.

By leveraging human expertise and guidance, LLMs can continue to evolve and become even more valuable tools for generating high-quality, contextually relevant content while ensuring ethical and responsible AI practices.

The rise of generative AI is paving the way for a new era of human-AI collaboration. As generative AI continues to advance, the collaboration between humans and machines will be critical in harnessing the technology’s potential for positive impact. To ensure the thriving success of AI, industries placing a paramount emphasis on achieving a high level of confidence in its outcomes will be imperative, ushering in an era where humans play a more pivotal role than ever before.

About the author: Rohan Agrawal is the CEO and Founder of Cogito Tech, a provider of AI training solutions that offers a human-in-the-loop workforce for computer vision, natural language processing, content moderation, and data and document processing. 

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